Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport (SYD)
Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport (SYD) is the busiest airport in Australia and is located in the Mascot suburb of Sydney, next to Botany Bay.
The area was initially used for developing an aircraft manufacturing company in 1919. The former pasture land was then acquired by the government in 1923 and the first regular flights began in 1924.
The two gravel runways were paved during the 1960s and work began on a new international terminal which was eventually completed in 1970 and opened by Queen Elizabeth II.
As the airport grew during the 80s and 90s it was realised that having two intersecting runways was severely impeding the volume of passengers that the airport could handle. In the face of much controversy, a third runway was devised and eventually completed in 1994. A curfew was later introduced to limit the amount of noise pollution in the nearby suburbs caused by aircraft movements.
Plans are now in place to construct a second airport to serve Sydney’s ever-growing population.