Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
Known officially as Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, the Dutch capital’s main airport is located nine miles south-west of Amsterdam and is the third busiest airport in Europe in terms of passenger traffic.
Built on what was once a large lake, Schiphol Airport is one of the world’s lowest airports, lying three metres below sea level. Initially constructed in 1916 as a military airbase, the airport opened to civilian aircraft in 1920. It has since grown to become one of the world’s largest airports with one terminal building, split into three departure halls, and six runways, one of which handles the majority of the air traffic.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is the base for a number of intercontinental airlines including the Dutch flag carrier, KLM and the airlines Transavia and Martinir.