Orlando International Airport (MCO)
Orlando International Airport in the United States is the busiest international hub in the state of Florida, surpassing Miami International Airport as of 2017.
Originally built for the U.S. military in the early 1940s, it was active during the Second World War when it was known as Pinecastle Army Airfield. After a brief pause in operations, activity was resumed during the Korean war.
The airport’s IATA code, MCO comes from the name of a former pilot, Colonel Michael Norman Wright McCoy, who was killed during a bombing and navigation competition. In 1958 the airfield was renamed as McCoy Air Force Base in honour of him and, although it has since been renamed, the letters have remained.
In the 1960s the airport became a join base for both civilian and military flights. After the end of the Vietnam war, the air force base was closed and military use of the base was scaled right back. Passenger flights became the focus with the first passenger terminals opening in 1981.
The present-day Orlando Airport has a hub-and-spoke layout featuring one central terminal building with four smaller concourses connected. It has four runways and a helipad and in 2017 handled over 22 million passengers making it the 11th busiest airport in the United States.