Enhancing environmental sustainability and energy efficiency of İGA Istanbul Airport

For International Airport Review, iGA Istanbul Airport outlines the strides it’s making towards sustainability and becoming more socially responsible.

As the world’s economy has grown, aviation has become a rapidly growing sector. Airports lie at the heart of the aviation industry and play a vital role within the UN Sustainable Development Goals, which include disaster preparedness, employment, finance and energy. Airport operations need to be fast and reliable and are of critical importance for other stakeholders in this sector, serving the entire region with the social and economic impact they have in their geography.

The seamless continuity of the aviation industry in the long-term will depend on the operation of its environmental, economic and social disciplines. For example, the effects of climate change due to environmental conditions will directly affect flight safety and airport infrastructure. The consequences of climate change can lead to economic and social problems, with these needs on the increase.
Our Sustainability Committee, meeting quarterly under the leadership of our CEO, has an important role to play in discussing, following up, and completing these targets. We share the results of our sustainability performance with the public and our stakeholders through an annual GRI-approved sustainability report.

Integration of sustainability, digitisation, passenger comfort, and affordable prices. Each individual area is growing rapidly but remains fragile with the main challenge being to keep them all integrated, aligned with the business plans, and see an increase in their resilience.

Environmental sustainability practices

Advance Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS)

One of the most important factors in the relationship between airports, airlines, and air traffic management is the possibilities offered by the airport infrastructure. Air traffic, taxi times and getting service from the bridge all directly affect emission reductions. Finding a balance in capacity should be maintained between the airspace and airside of the airports under a concept of gate-to-gate network efficiency. In order to enhance this capacity, airports should provide the necessary infrastructure on the airside for minimum runway occupancy time (ROT), consistent and continuous taxiing and sufficient aircraft parking stands matching the terminal area airspace (TMA) set up. This will minimise the time both in the air and on the ground. At iGA Istanbul Airport, our point merge procedure provides us with the flexibility to operate triple runways in dual, independent parallel operations, minimising airspace time. Our end-around taxiway and multiple parallel taxiway systems, operated using A-SMGCS Routing Service, provide short and continuous taxi operations, minimising emissions.
371 parking stands, most of which are in multiple apron ramp system (MARS) configuration, are distributed around the terminal and cargo aprons providing efficient and flexible parking capacity.
A-SMGCS is the main system used by our air traffic control (ATC) and one of the key systems providing almost all airside data for successful Airport Operations Control Centre operations. This data can be used to provide a detailed analysis from performance (operations, safety, environmental, technology, capacity, etc.) to individual cases (accidents, incidents, good/bad examples, etc.). A-SMGS at Istanbul Airport is at the core of the ATC operations, integrated into 14 different systems and providing 15 different operation alarms. So, for example, safety net is a function under the A-SMGCS which has both an operational tool with alarms, and an analysis tool for incidents/trends. The A-SMGCS system helps to effectively manage the Istanbul Airport airside, from runways to stands, providing operational efficiency, airport capacity management, emission and noise impact reduction and enhanced situation awareness and safety. With the implementation of A-SMGCS Routing (Level 3) and Guidance (Level 4 Follow the Green), the dynamic algorithm provides the shortest taxi route based on real constraint and conditions. Our teams are working on the development of new algorithms for a “lowest emission route” option for controllers, which is a new area of A-SMGS implementation under the green airport concept.