Munich Airport: Innovative and sustainable
4 April 2016 • Author(s): Philipp Ahrens, Director of the Satellite Project Team, Munich Airport
Munich Airport’s €900 million Satellite Terminal project – which is set to increase capacity at the airport by 11 million passengers while generating 40% less CO2 emissions than existing terminal buildings – is now entering the final stages of completion. Philipp Ahrens, Director of the Satellite Project Team, reveals the airport’s innovative and sustainable terminal system.
Munich Airport’s new Satellite Terminal is now in the final stages. Construction commenced in April 2012 and the terminal will be ready for operation by 26 April 2016. The building is being constructed to the east of Terminal 2 and will increase capacity by 11 million passengers, including housing 27 contact stands for Lufthansa and their Star Alliance Partners. The construction of the building is finished and the interior is currently being fitted – mainly the retail and gastro units.
In the meantime the testing of the underground passenger transport system, located underneath the apron, is ongoing. The fullyautomated transport system, APM 300, provided by Bombardier, connects the two buildings and will have a capacity of 9,000 pass engers per hour and direction. A maximum of three trains of four carriages will serve all three different passenger types with two carriages for Schengen passengers, one carriage for non-Schengen and one carriage for non-EU arrival passengers.
Additionally, the apron layout has been adapted to the needs of the new stand layout around the building. The ‘Operational Readiness Program’ (ORAT) commenced in November 2015 with 32 trial days (two per week) out of which internal trials were carried out until Christmas. Since January 2016 external trial passengers were invited to join in as well to test the processes.
The vision for Munich Airport’s development began in the late-1990s, when Munich Airport and Lufthansa signed a MoU to create a joint venture – The Terminal 2 Management Company (with a 60/40% split) – and started jointly financing, planning and constructing Terminal 2 as a dedicated Lufthansa / Star Alliance Terminal. This success story, which is still unique in Europe, proved to be a good decision as Terminal 2’s nominal capacity of 25 million passengers has now been exceeded four years in a row and clearly indicates the urgent need for additional capacity on the ground. When constructing Terminal 2, the next construction phase – the Satellite – had already been considered in the planning process.