References for Mike Willson’s Issue 6 2022 article

Posted: 2 December 2022 | | No comments yet

References for Mike Willson’s article in Issue 6 2022 entitled ‘Transitioning to Fluorine-Free Foams (F3s): Cautioned by hot summers and new research’

Reference List 

  1. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Aug. 2021 – July 2021 was Earth’s warmest month in recorded history’
  2. Copernicus Climate Change Service (EU), Apr.2022 – Europe experienced its hottest summer on record in 2021
  3. The Guardian, 19July 2022 – UK Reaches hottest ever temperature as 40.2C recorded at Heathrow
  4. The Washington Post, 28 June 2022 – Rome hits highest temperature on record as heat wave sweeps Europe
  5. Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) – On-line comprehensive weather and climate data records for Australian airports during 2018-2021
  6. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), 2015 – Airport Services Manual (Doc 9137/AN898) Part 1, 4th Edition, Chapter 8 Extinguishing Agent Characteristics, Chapter 12, Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting procedures (Including Level B and C fire tests)
  7. European Norm EN1568 Part 3 Fire Test Standard, 2018 – Fire Extinguishing media – Foam concentrates – Part 3: Specification for low expansion foam concentrates for surface application to water-immiscible liquids (hydrocarbons)
  8. US Department of Defense MIL-PRF-24385F (SH) w/Amendment 4, 7Apr. 2020 – Performance specification – Fire Extinguishing Agent AFFF liquid concentrate for fresh and seawater.
  9. Mobil Exxon – Jet A v Jet A1 (viewed 8 Nov.2022)
  10. US Federal Aviation Administration, (Geyer et al.) 1979 – Comparative Evaluation of Firefighting Foam Agents Report no: FAA-ED-79-61
  11. US Naval Research laboratory (Conroy and Ananth) 2015 – Fuel Surface cooling by Aqueous Foam: A pool fire suppression Mechanism
  12. US Naval Research Laboratory (Hinnant et al) 2017 – Influence of fuel on foam degradation for fluorinated and fluorine free foams
  13. US Naval Research laboratory (NRL – Conroy , Fleming and Ananth) 2017 – Surface Cooling of a Pool Fire by Aqueous Foams
  14. Scheffey et al 2012 – Methodologies for Calculating Firefighting Agent Quantities Needed to Combat Aircraft Crash Fires DOT/FAA/AR-11/29
  15. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Part 139 Cert Alert 21-05, 4Oct 2021 – Part 139 Extinguishing Agent Requirements (Fluorine Free Foam – Public Safety concerns)
  16. US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) (Bagot K), Sep.2021 – FAA ARFF Research Program, PFAS-free Foam Research presentation to REDAC (FAA’s Research, Engineering, Development and Advisory Committee)
  17. US FAA, Jul. 2022 – Fluorine Free Foam Testing TC-22-23 Final Report (detail of REDAC summary presentation)
  18. US FAA, Jul. 2022 – Fluorine Free Foam Testing TC-22-23 Final Report
  19. Swedish Research Institute (Dahlbom, Mallin and Bobert, RI:SE) Feb.2022 – Fire Test Performance of Eleven PFAS-free Class B Firefighting Foams Varying Fuels, Admixture, Water types and Foam Generation Techniques, Research Institute of Sweden
  20. US Department of Defense Performance Specification, Fire Extinguishing Agent, Fluorine Free Foam (F3) Liquid Concentrate for Land-based, freshwater applications MIL-PRF –XX727 Draft, May 2022
  21. Gulf Civil Aviation Authority UAE, 2020 – Final Report – AAIS Case No: AIFN/0008/2016 Runway Impact During Attempted Go-Around, Air Accident Investigation Sector
  22. University of Queensland (Nilsson, Braunig et al), Dec.2020 – Evaluation of PFAS in Australian Aviation Rescue Firefighting Service (ARFFS) Staff-2018/19, University of Queensland
  23. Australian National University Dec. 2021 – PFAS Health Study on three PFAS impacted communities – Overall Summary$File/Overall-Summary_Final_Dec2021-PFAS-Health-Study%20.pdf
  24. NFPA-Research Foundation (Back et al.), May 2022 – ‘Firefighting Foams: Fire Service Roadmap’ (when transitioning to F3s)
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