Meteorology - Articles and news items
Issue 1 2016 • 26 January 2016 • Chi-ming Shun and Pak-wai Chan of the Hong Kong Observatory (HKO)
As the third busiest airport in the world, with a passenger throughput of over 63 million in 2014, Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) faces the challenge of sustaining smooth operations during hostile weather conditions. Chi-ming Shun and Pak-wai Chan of the Hong Kong Observatory (HKO) reveal how in order to meet the needs of the aviation community the HKO provides tailored aviation weather services...
Issue 3 2013 • 12 June 2013 • Dr Helen Wells, Manager of the Aviation Meteorology Research and Development Team at the Met Office
The Met Office works across all areas of the aviation industry to help ensure safe and efficient operations. Dr Helen Wells, Manager of the Aviation Meteorology Research and Development Team at the Met Office, provides an overview of the services provided.
Issue 1 2012 • 7 February 2012 • David Gibbs, Aviation Business Manager, The Met Office
The Met Office works across all areas of the aviation industry to help ensure safe and efficient operations. We provide a wide range of services such as specialist web sites, forecaster telephone advice, SMS text alerts and high resolution data services to name a few. These services are tailored to meet the needs of various users so that they have the most accurate information to support their weather dependant decision making, and we also add further value by simplifying the interpretation of meteorological conditions and their impact on airport, aircraft and air traffic management operations.Delivering weather forecasts and advice that is easy to access, easy to understand and directly relevant for specific purposes is very important. However, without timely and highly accurate content, forecasts will be severely degraded. To achieve the necessary standards presents a significant technological challenge as creating forecasts is a complex process.
Issue 1 2012 • 7 February 2012 • Jan Michalak, Head of Warsaw Chopin Airport Maintenance Service
Warsaw Chopin Airport has spent a large amount of investment on winter main - tenance during the 2010/11 season. Never before in the airport’s history had the struggle with snow and ice required so much effort and resources. So what can we expect in 2012?According to data from the Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, the previous winter was exceptionally cold. The average temperature during the three winter months was -3°C, which was more than two degrees colder than usual. As we all know the 2011/2012 was particularly harsh, causing travel chaos across Europe.In Warsaw, the number of snowfall periods (12 hour work shifts during which snow removal was required) totalled 85 and was similar to that of the two previous seasons. The number of melt-freeze periods was also above average at approximately 96. However, due to heavy snowfall, as well as rapid weather changes, Chopin Airport’s snow-removal service had their hands full.
Issue 2 2011 • 11 April 2011 • Doug Johnson, Head of Transport at the UK Met Office
The coldest December in 100 years brought into sharp focus the impact that weather can have on the UK’s airports. Across Europe and North America heavy snowfalls and ice brought airports more used to severe winter weather to a standstill. But in a warming world, changing weather patterns are potentially a further complication for the world’s airports.It is said that we have a fascination with the weather, from what is happening outside now to what conditions are likely to be weeks ahead. For airport and airline operators disruption due to weather, especially in winter, can put strain on schedules through misplaced aircraft, passengers and staff.
Issue 4 2010 • 10 August 2010 • Andrew Haines, Chief Executive, UK CAA
Over the past thousand years, Icelandic volcanic ash has been deposited in the UK at least ten times, the last occasion being in 1947. In geological terms, the gap between 1947 and 2010 is an instant, but in that time, UK civil aviation grew from carrying just one million passengers a year, to carrying over 218 million. The possibility of volcanic ash reducing the number of flights in UK airspace to zero for six days was similarly unprecedented until earlier this year, and it took a unique combination of events to bring it about.
Ever since the Wright Brothers, prior to the first motorised flight, worried about prevalent wind directions in 1904, aviation and weather have been twinned by fate and forced to work together. Aviators learned to respect weather from the day that they first attempted to fly; apart from human error, it still plays the biggest role when things go wrong.
In this article Doug Johnson describes how aviation users can utilise improved meteorological information to move beyond minimum safety requirements and towards increased business benefits.